A visa refusal under section 221(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) means the applicant did not establish eligibility for a visa to the satisfaction of the consular officer, as is required under U.S. law, specifically section 291 of the INA. When an applicant is refused under 221(g), it means the consular officer determined that the applicant was not eligible for a visa after completing and executing the visa application and any required interview. It is possible that a consular officer will reconsider a visa application refused under 221(g) at a later date, based on additional information or upon the resolution of administrative processing, and determine that the applicant is eligible. When a consular officer refuses a case under 221(g), she or he will convey to the applicant whether the applicant is required to provide any further documentation or information, or whether the case requires additional administrative processing.
The above is how the U.S. Department of State explains the the meaning of a “visa refusal under section 221(g)” on its website. The plain takeaway from this confusing explanation is that “refused” does not mean “denied.” It does, however, frequently mean delay. Administrative Processing (AP) can take a long time. It’s hard to predict just how long a particular case will remain in AP once placed there. If the delay is dragging on for months and the delay is causing major life disruptions, mandamus lawsuits can help to get a decision. It’s not uncommon for adjudications to occur within 60 days of filing a well-crafted, meritorious lawsuit.